Maternal
Mortality

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality1

PPH is on the Rise1: Know the Risks

  • Uterine atony is a primary cause of PPH and accounts
    for 79% of cases2
  • Most cases can be anticipated3

PPH is associated with several risk factors, including2-5

  • Prolonged 3rd stage of labor
  • Advanced maternal age
  • Cesarean delivery
  • History of PPH
  • Multiple delivery
  • Obesity
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References
  1. Bateman BT, Tsen LC, Liu J, et al. Patterns of Second-Line Uterotonic Use in a Large Sample of Hospitalization for Childbirth in the United States:2007-2011.Anesth Analg.2014;119:1344-1349
  2. Bateman BT, Berman MF, Riley LE, et al. The epidemiology of postpartum hemorrhage in a large,nationWide sample of deliveries.Anesth Analg.2010;110(5):1368-1373.
  3. Oyelese Y, Ananth CV, Postpartum hemorrhage: epidemiology, risk factors, and causes.Clin Obstet Gynecol.2010;53(1);147-156.
  4. Anderson JM, Etches D. Prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage.Am Fam Physician.2007;75(6):875-882.
  5. Blomberg M. Maternal obesity and risk of postpartum hemorrhage.Obstet Gynecol.2011;118(3):561-568.